What Is Biliary Colic?
This symptom arises as a result of gallstone blockage in the gallbladder or cystic duct, a tube that carries
bile from the gallbladder into the small intestine. The main cause of biliary colic is the formation of
gallstones, which are stone-like masses composed of cholesterol, calcium and bilirubin, in the gallbladder. It
can also be caused by gallbladder polyps or functional disorders of the gallbladder (Biliary dyskinesia).
Typically, biliary colic symptoms include pain in the middle or upper right abdominal region that may extend to the shoulder area and upper back. The pain can be sharp, stabbing, squeezing or intense, and may last from a few minutes to a few hours due to swelling and pressure within the gallbladder. This can be associated with bloatedness, indigestion, discomfort, nausea or vomiting as well, especially after heavy fatty meals.